New PDF release: Creating Scientific Concepts (MIT Press)

By Nancy J Nersessian

ISBN-10: 0262515075

ISBN-13: 9780262515078

How do novel clinical innovations come up? In Creating clinical Concepts, Nancy Nersessian seeks to respond to this relevant yet almost unasked query within the challenge of conceptual swap. She argues that the preferred picture of novel techniques and profound perception bursting forth in a dazzling flash of suggestion is unsuitable. as an alternative, novel thoughts are proven to come up out of the interaction of 3 components: an try and clear up particular difficulties; using conceptual, analytical, and fabric assets supplied by means of the cognitive-social-cultural context of the matter; and dynamic procedures of reasoning that stretch traditional cognition. targeting the 3rd issue, Nersessian attracts on cognitive technological know-how examine and old money owed of clinical practices to teach how medical and usual cognition lie on a continuum, and the way problem-solving practices in a single light up practices within the different. Her investigations of clinical practices exhibit conceptual swap as deriving from using analogies, imagistic representations, and proposal experiments, built-in with experimental investigations and mathematical analyses. She provides a view of built versions as hybrid gadgets, serving as intermediaries among ambitions and analogical resources in bootstrapping methods. Extending those effects, she argues that those complicated cognitive operations and buildings should not mere aids to discovery, yet that jointly they represent a strong type of reasoning -- model-based reasoning -- that generates novelty. This new method of psychological modeling and analogy, including Nersessian's cognitive-historical procedure, make Creating clinical Concepts both beneficial to cognitive technology and philosophy of science.

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Creating Scientific Concepts (MIT Press) by Nancy J Nersessian

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